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Assessment of Dose Changes Due to Anterior-Posterior Patient Separation During Daily MVCT Scans

M Leney

M Leney1*, A Nalichowski2 , S Patel2 , (1) Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, (2) Karmanos Cancer Institute, Detroit, MI


SU-F-J-62 (Sunday, July 31, 2016) 3:00 PM - 6:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall

Purpose: To determine the effects of patient separation on absolute dose and dose distribution in patients undergoing pelvic radiotherapy on TomoTherapy.

Methods: An Alderson RANDO phantom with 4cm of bolus was imaged on a CT simulator and the resulting scans were contoured as a whole pelvic case. Using TomoTherapy Planning Station, the plan was designed to give 45 Gy to 95% of the treatment volume in 25 fractions. TomoTherapy MVCT scans were performed on the RANDO phantom with 2cm and 4cm of bolus removed to simulate visible changes in a patient’s anatomy. The MVCT images were rigidly registered with planning CT images on TomoTherapy Planned Adaptive. The original fluence was recalculated on the MVCT images and changes in dose distribution due to patient separation were quantified by the changes in DVHs for the target volume and the organs at risk.

Results: Patient separation difference equivalent to 2cm and 4cm in anterior-posterior direction resulted in an increase of the PTV D50 and maximum PTV dose of 5.6%, 6.2% for 2cm and 7.7%, 10.4% for 4cm, respectively. For the 2cm change, D50 and maximum doses to organs at risk increased by 6.5%, 7.1% in the bladder, 4.9%, 4.8% in the rectum, and 5.3%, 6.6% in the bowel. For the 4cm change, D50 and maximum doses increased by 10.7%, 12.2% in the bladder, 5.9%, 6.1% in the rectum, and 7.7%, 10.1% in the bowel.

Conclusion: This research indicates that, without any changes to the structures, patient separation in the anterior-posterior direction can affect the dose distribution for the PTV and organs at risk. These results can assist physicians in determining if obtaining a new CT simulation set and replanning is necessary for pelvic patients on TomoTherapy.

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