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Next Generation Dedicated 3D Breast Imaging with XACT

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S Tang

S Tang1, Y Chen2 , J Chen3 , P Samant4 , S Ahmad5 , H Liu6 , L Xiang7* , (1) University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, (2) University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, (3) University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, (4) University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, (5) University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, (6) University Oklahoma, Norman, OK, (7) University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK


TH-AB-209-8 (Thursday, August 4, 2016) 7:30 AM - 9:30 AM Room: 209

Exposure to radiation increases the risk of cancer. We have designed a new imaging paradigm, X-ray induced acoustic computed tomography (XACT). Applying this innovative technology to breast imaging, an X-ray exposure can generate a 3D acoustic image, which dramatically reduces the radiation dose to patients when compared to conventional breast CT.

Theoretical calculations are done to determine the appropriate X-ray energy and ultrasound frequency in breast XACT imaging. A series of breast CT image along the coronal plane from a patient with calcifications in the breast tissue are used as the source image. HU value based segmentation is done to distinguish the skin, adipose tissue, glandular tissue, breast calcification, and chest bone from each CT image. X-ray dose deposition in each pixel is calculated based on the tissue type by using GEANT4 Monte Carlo toolkits. The initial pressure rise caused by X-ray energy deposition is calculated according to tissue properties. Then, the X-ray induced acoustic wave propagation is simulated by K-WAVE toolkit. Breast XACT images are reconstructed from the recorded time-dependent ultrasound waves.

For imaging a breast with large size (16cm in diameter at chest wall), the photon energy of X-ray source and the central frequency of ultrasound detector is determined as 20keV and 5.5MHz. Approximately 10 times contrast between a calcification and the breast tissue can be acquire from XACT image. The calcification can be clearly identified from the reconstructed XACT image.

XACT technique takes the advantages of X-ray absorption contrast and high ultrasonic resolution. With the proposed innovative technology, one can potentially reduce radiation dose to patient in 3D breast imaging as compared with current x-ray modalities, while still maintaining high imaging contrast and spatial resolution.

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