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Enabling Conventional Cone Beam CT with the Capability of Dual Energy Imaging Using a Simple Add-On Beam Modifier

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H Peng

R Vinke1 , S Takao2 , K Umegaki3 , H Shirato2 , H Peng1*, L Xing1 , (1) Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, (2) Department of Radiation Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Hokkaido,,(3) Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido.


SU-F-J-212 (Sunday, July 31, 2016) 3:00 PM - 6:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall

Purpose: In searching for a robust, efficient and cost-effective dual energy cone beam CT (DECBCT) solution for various radiation oncology applications, in particularly for improved proton dose planning/replanning accuracy and DE-CBCT guided radiation therapy, we investigate a novel energy modulation scheme using a beam modifier placed between the source and patient and optimize its geometric configuration for routine clinical use.

Methods: The study was performed using a Hitachi CBCT scanner and the tube voltage was set at 125 kVp. The higher energy beam was obtained by filtering the incident utilizing a beam modulation layer (material: copper, thickness: 1.8 mm). To avoid the need for double scans (one with and one without the energy modulator), the modulation layer was configured to cover only the half of the X-ray beam so that two sets of sinograms corresponding low and high energies were collected after a single gantry rotation of 360 deg. The average high energy and low energy HU numbers (HUhigh and HUlow) were derived for pixels in a defined region-of-interest, respectively.

Results: The beam modifier increased the threshold of the energy spectrum from ~20 keV up to ~50 keV. Two complete sets of images were obtained with good alignment between the high energy and low-energy cases without any artifact observed (Fig. 2). The HUlow/HUhigh is ~0/0 (water), ~394/238 (brain), ~1283/1085 (cortical bone) and ~3000/1800 (titanium).

Conclusion:The feasibility of the proposed DECT implementation using a beam modifier has been demonstrated. Compared to the existing DECT solutions, the proposed scheme is much more cost-effective and requires minimum hardware modification. The work lays foundation for us to study the quantification of HU values to derive material density images and atomic number (and electron density) of substances.

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