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Daily Lung Tumor Motion Characterization On EPIDs Using a Markerless Tiling Model

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T Rozario

T Rozario1,2*, T Chiu1 , W Lu1 , M Chen1 , Y Yan1 , S Bereg2 , W Mao1,3 , (1) Unviersity of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, (2) University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX, (3) Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI


TH-AB-202-1 (Thursday, August 4, 2016) 7:30 AM - 9:30 AM Room: 202


Tracking lung tumor motion in real time allows for target dose escalation while simultaneously reducing dose to sensitive structures, thus increasing local control without increasing toxicity. We present a novel intra-fractional markerless lung tumor tracking algorithm using MV treatment beam images acquired during treatment delivery.
Strong signals superimposed on the tumor significantly reduced the soft tissue resolution; while different imaging modalities involved introduce global imaging discrepancies. This reduced the comparison accuracies. A simple yet elegant Tiling algorithm is reported to overcome the aforementioned issues.


MV treatment beam images were acquired continuously in beam’s eye view (BEV) by an electronic portal imaging device (EPID) during treatment and analyzed to obtain tumor positions on every frame. Every frame of the MV image was simulated by a composite of two components with separate digitally reconstructed radiographs (DRRs): all non-moving structures and the tumor. This Titling algorithm divides the global composite DRR and the corresponding MV projection into sub-images called tiles. Rigid registration is performed independently on tile-pairs in order to improve local soft tissue resolution. This enables the composite DRR to be transformed accurately to match the MV projection and attain a high correlation value through a pixel-based linear transformation. The highest cumulative correlation for all tile-pairs achieved over a user-defined search range indicates the 2-D coordinates of the tumor location on the MV projection.


This algorithm was successfully applied to cine-mode BEV images acquired during two SBRT plans delivered five times with different motion patterns to each of two phantoms. Approximately 15000 beam’s eye view images were analyzed and tumor locations were successfully identified on every projection with a maximum/average error of 1.8 mm / 1.0 mm.


Despite the presence of strong anatomical signal overlapping with tumor images, this markerless detection algorithm accurately tracks intrafractional lung tumor motions.

Funding Support, Disclosures, and Conflict of Interest: This project is partially supported by an Elekta research grant

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