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Spatial Co-Localization of F-18 NaF Vs. F-18 FDG Defined Disease Volumes

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P Ferjancic

P Ferjancic1*, S Harmon1 , S Chen2 , U Simoncic3 , R Jeraj1 , (1) University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, (2) 1st Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, (3) Jozef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana


WE-H-207A-5 (Wednesday, August 3, 2016) 4:30 PM - 6:00 PM Room: 207A

Both [F-18]NaF and [F-18]FDG show promise for quantitative PET/CT assessment in metastatic prostate cancer to bone. Broad agreement between the tracers has been shown but voxel-wise correspondence has not been explored in depth. This study evaluates the spatial co-localization of [F-18]NaF PET and [F-18]FDG PET in bone lesions.

Seventy-three lesion contours were identified in six patients receiving dynamic NaF PET/CT and FDG PET/CT scans two hours apart using identical fields-of-view. Tracer uptake (SUV) reflecting 60 minutes post-injection was modeled from kinetic parameters. Lesions were segmented by a physician separately on NaF PET and FDG PET. PET images were rigidly aligned using skeletal references on CT images. Lesion size, degree of overlap, voxel-wise tracer uptake values (SUV), and CT density distributions were compared using Dice coefficient, Positive Predictive Value (PPV), and Spearman rank correlation tests.

Across all patients, 42 lesions were identified on NaF PET (median 1.4 cm³, range <1-204 cm³) compared to 31 using FDG PET (median 1.8 cm³, range <1-244 cm³). Spatial co-occurrence was found in 25 lesion pairs. Lesions on NaF PET had PPV of 0.91 and on FDG a PPV of 0.65. Overall, NaF-defined lesions were 47% (±24%) larger by volume with moderate overlap to FDG, resulting in mean Dice coefficient of 34% (±22%). In areas of overlap, voxel-wise correlation of NaF and FDG SUV was moderate (ρ=0.56). Expanding to regions of non-spatial overlap, voxels contained in FDG-only contours were almost exclusively low HU (median 118), compared to dense regions of NaF-only voxels (median 250). In sclerotic sub-volumes (HU > 300) NaF-defined contours encompassed 83% of total FDG volume.

Moderate voxel-wise correlation of FDG and NaF PET/CT uptake was observed. Spatial discrepancies in FDG and NaF PET/CT imaging of boney metastases could be influenced by poor sensitivity of FDG PET/CT in sclerotic regions.

Funding Support, Disclosures, and Conflict of Interest: Funded by Prostate Cancer Foundation

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