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Respiratory Motion Correction in 4D-Multi Pinhole Small Animal SPECT

F Kalantari

M Naseri1 , H Rajabi1 , J Wang2 , F Kalantari2*, (1) Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Tehran, (2) UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX


TH-EF-207A-1 (Thursday, August 4, 2016) 1:00 PM - 2:50 PM Room: 207A

Purpose: Respiration causes lesion smearing, image blurring and quality degradation, affecting lesion contrast and the ability to define correct lesion size. The spatial resolution of current multi pinhole SPECT (MPHS) scanners is sub-millimeter. Therefore the effect of motion is more noticeable in comparison to conventional SPECT scanner. Gated imaging aims to reduce motion artifacts. A major issue in gating is the lack of statistics and individual reconstructed frames are noisy. The increased noise in each frame, deteriorates the quantitative accuracy of the MPHS Images. The objective of this work, is to enhance the image quality in 4D-MPHS imaging, by 4D image reconstruction.

Methods: The new algorithm requires deformation vector fields (DVFs) that are calculated by non-rigid Demons registration. The algorithm is based on the motion-incorporated version of ordered subset expectation maximization (OSEM) algorithm. This iterative algorithm is capable to make full use of all projections to reconstruct each individual frame. To evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithm a simulation study was conducted. A fast ray tracing method was used to generate MPHS projections of a 4D digital mouse phantom with a small tumor in liver in eight different respiratory phases. To evaluate the 4D-OSEM algorithm potential, tumor to liver activity ratio was compared with other image reconstruction methods including 3D-MPHS and post reconstruction registered with Demons-derived DVFs.

Results: Image quality of 4D-MPHS is greatly improved by the 4D-OSEM algorithm. When all projections are used to reconstruct a 3D-MPHS, motion blurring artifacts are present, leading to overestimation of the tumor size and 24% tumor contrast underestimation. This error reduced to 16% and 10% for post reconstruction registration methods and 4D-OSEM respectively.

Conclusion: 4D-OSEM method can be used for motion correction in 4D-MPHS. The statistics and quantification are improved since all projection data are combined together to update the image.

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