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Assess the Shielding of Secondary Neutrons From Patient Collimator in Proton Therapy Considering Secondary Photons Generated in the Shielding Process with Monte Carlo Simulation

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M Yamanaka

M Yamanaka1* , M Takashina1 , K Kurosu1 , V Moskvin2 , I Das2 , M Koizumi1 , (1) Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, (2) Indiana University- School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN,


SU-E-T-132 (Sunday, July 12, 2015) 3:00 PM - 6:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall

Purpose:In this study we present Monte Carlo based evaluation of the shielding effect for secondary neutrons from patient collimator, and secondary photons emitted in the process of neutron shielding by combination of moderator and boron-10 placed around patient collimator.

Methods:The PHITS Monte Carlo Simulation radiation transport code was used to simulate the proton beam (Ep = 64 to 93 MeV) from a proton therapy facility. In this study, moderators (water, polyethylene and paraffin) and boron (pure ¹⁰B) were placed around patient collimator in this order. The rate of moderator and boron thicknesses was changed fixing the total thickness at 3cm. The secondary neutron and photons doses were evaluated as the ambient dose equivalent per absorbed dose [H*(10)/D].

Results:The secondary neutrons are shielded more effectively by combination moderators and boron. The most effective combination of shielding neutrons is the polyethylene of 2.4 cm thick and the boron of 0.6 cm thick and the maximum reduction rate is 47.3 %. The H*(10)/D of secondary photons in the control case is less than that of neutrons by two orders of magnitude and the maximum increase of secondary photons is 1.0 μSv/Gy with the polyethylene of 2.8 cm thick and the boron of 0.2 cm thick.

Conclusion:The combination of moderators and boron is beneficial for shielding secondary neutrons. Both the secondary photons of control and those emitted in the shielding neutrons are very lower than the secondary neutrons and photon has low RBE in comparison with neutron. Therefore the secondary photons can be ignored in the shielding neutrons.

This work was supported by JSPS Core-to-Core Program (No.23003).

Funding Support, Disclosures, and Conflict of Interest: This work was supported by JSPS Core-to-Core Program (No.23003).

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