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Uncertainties in Kinetic Modeling of Shortened Dynamic 18F-FMISO PET Due to Image Noise

M Grkovski

M Grkovski*, J Schwartz , J Humm , S Nehmeh , Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY


WE-AB-204-8 (Wednesday, July 15, 2015) 7:30 AM - 9:30 AM Room: 204

Purpose: To assess uncertainties in voxel-wise kinetic modeling (KM) of dynamic 18F-FMISO PET (dPET) due to image noise for different lengths of dPET acquisitions.

Methods: 12 tumor time activity curves (TACs) deduced from 6 head and neck cancer patient dPET datasets (45min dPET + 10min frames at ~95min and ~160min respectively) were modeled using an irreversible two-tissue compartment model to estimate kinetic rate constants (KRCs) k3, vB, K1, and K1/k2 (reference standard). For each modeled TAC, 1000 noisy TACs were simulated by adding Gaussian noise with standard deviation equivalent to that observed on a voxel level in GE DSTE PET-CT. KM was conducted for each set of noisy TACs using (i) full dataset (170min), and repeated using (ii) 105min and (iii) 45min shortened subsets, with an input function that was image-derived from the dPET dataset of matching length. Absolute value of percent difference between KRCs from noisy TACs as estimated from either of 3 datasets and reference standard KRCs was used to represent bias.

Results: For all KRCs, bias was higher for shortened datasets. For k3, bias was lower when actual k3 was higher: from 7%±5% (170min), 9%±7% (105min), and 14%±11% (45min) (actual k3=0.0098), to 32%±25% (170min), 45%±34% (95min), and 79%±48% (45min) (actual k3=0.0008). Similar relationship was observed for vB, with bias being between ~7% (actual vB=0.28) and ~26-34% (actual vB=0.08). For K1 [K1/k2], bias was ~6-10% [~2-3%] (dependence on actual value of K1 [K1/k2] was not observed).

Conclusion: Uncertainties in voxel-wise KM of shortened 18F-FMISO dPET due to image noisy only are larger for shorter acquisitions and, for k3 [vB], the bias was found to be inversely correlated with the actual values of k3 [vB]. Using 45min subset, k3, vB, K1, and K1/k2 could be estimated to within ~15-80%, ~10-35%, ~10%, and ~3%, respectively.

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