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Geometric Distortion at 3T in a Commercial 4D MRI-Compatible Phantom

A Fatemi

A Fatemi-Ardekani*, M Wronski , A Kim , G Stanisz , A Sarfehnia , B Keller , Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, ON


SU-E-J-209 (Sunday, July 12, 2015) 3:00 PM - 6:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall

Purpose: There are very few commercial 4D phantoms that are marketed as MRI compatible. We are evaluating one such commercial phantom, made to be used with an MRI-Linear accelerator. The focus of this work is to characterize the geometric distortions produced in this phantom at 3T using 3 clinical MR pulse sequences.

Methods:The CIRS MRI-Linac Dynamic Phantom (CIRSTM) under investigation in this study consists of a software-driven moving tumour volume within a thorax phantom body and enables dose accumulation by placing a dosimeter within the tumour volume. Our initial investigation is to evaluate the phantom in static mode prior to examining its 4D capability. The water-filled thorax phantom was scanned using a wide-bore Philips 3T Achieva MRI scanner employing a Thoracic xl coil and clinical 2D T1W FFE, 2D T1W TSE and 3D T1W TFE pulse sequences. Each of the MR image sets was rigidly fused with a reference CT image of the phantom employing a rigid registration with 6 degrees of freedom. Geometric distortions between the MR and CT image sets were measured in 3 dimensions at selected points along the periphery of the distortion grid embedded within the phantom body (11.5, 7.5 and 3 cm laterally, ant/post and sup/inf of magnetic isocenter respectively).

Results:The maximal measured geometric distortions between the MR and reference CT points of interest were 0.9, 1.8 and 1.3 mm in the lateral, anterior-posterior and cranio-caudal directions, respectively. For all 3 spatial dimensions, the maximal distortions occurred for the FFE pulse sequence. Maximal distortions for the 2D FFE, 2D TSE and 3D TFE sequences were 1, 0.7 and 1.8 mm, respectively.

Conclusion:Our initial static investigation of this phantom shows minimal geometric distortions at 3T along the periphery of the embedded grid.

Funding Support, Disclosures, and Conflict of Interest: CIRS has provided us with a phantom at no charge for evaluation at 3 Tesla.

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