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Is There An Optimal X-Ray Technique for Prostate Treatment On CyberKnife?

E Henderson

E Henderson*, M Compuesto , J Gratton-Liimatainen , The Ottawa Hospital Cancer Center, Ottawa, ON


SU-E-J-41 (Sunday, July 12, 2015) 3:00 PM - 6:00 PM Room: Exhibit Hall

To establish guidelines for setting X-ray technique for CyberKnife (Accuray) prostate treatments to keep imaging dose as low as reasonably achievable while maintaining consistent fiducial identification.

Four gold seed fiducial markers were inserted into the prostate region of a Rando anthropomorphic phantom, following guidelines for fiducial placement provided by Accuray. A CT scan of the phantom was obtained using our standard clinical protocol and a treatment plan (Fiducial Tracking) was created. In order to simulate prostate treatment on the CyberKnife G4 (TDS v9.6), the phantom was aligned to within 0.2 degrees and 0.2mm of the planned position using X-ray technique settings of 140kVp, 320mA and 100ms. The phantom was then shifted and rotated to 8 different positions. At each of these 8 positions, 5 orthogonal X-ray image pairs were acquired at combinations of 3 kVp settings (110kVp, 125kVp, 140kVp), and 5 mAs settings (5mAs, 10mAs, 20mAs, 32mAs), and the frequency of the tracking software correctly identifying all four fiducials per technique setting was recorded. The experiment was repeated for three different simulated patient sizes by wrapping the phantom in layers of bolus.

Regardless of phantom size, there were clear trends toward increased reliability of fiducial detection with increased X-ray technique (both kVp and mAs), however gains achieved by increasing technique beyond 125kVp and 10mAs are modest. An increase in technique was increasingly ineffective in improving fiducial detection as the phantom was rotated away from the planned position (eg with increasing pitch). A dependence of tracking reliability on the planning DRRs was also noted.

This method is a useful training tool for evaluating the effect of X-ray technique on fiducial tracking. When fiducial tracking results are not reproducible, we recommend interventions such as eliminating an unreliable fiducial from tracking or adjusting patient position before increasing X-ray technique.

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