2016 AAPM Annual Meeting
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Session Title: Diversity and Inclusion in Medical Physics
Question 1: Diversity is a key driver of achievement in the workforce, particularly when innovation is a critical goal. A recent national survey found _____ of people work in environments that lack diverse leadership; which lead to _____ of women, ____ of people of color and _____ of LGBTs not having their ideas supported in the workplace.
Reference:S. Hewlett, M. Marshall and L. Sherbin (2013) “How Diversity Can Drive Innovation” Harvard Business Review. Denson, N. and Chang, M.J. (2009). “Racial diversity matters: The impact of diversity-related student engagement and institutional context.” American Educational Research Journal 46:322-353. Page, Scott E. (2007). The Difference: How the Power of Diversity Creates Better Groups, Firms, Schools, and Societies. Woodstock, Oxfordshire, U.K.: Princeton University Press.
Choice A:52%, 43%, 41%, 48%
Choice B:29%, 15%, 18%, 10%
Choice C:78%, 20%, 24%, 21%
Choice D:65%, 39%, 35%, 37%
Question 2: Medical Physicists have very diverse educational backgrounds. Other than physics; which academic discipline had the highest number of Bachelorettes applying to medical physics programs?
Reference:Center for Health Workforce Studies (CHWS), Survey of Medical Physicists, 2009, Entry Question 2, Education Question1
Choice A:Health Physics.
Choice B:Medicine.
Choice C:Biology or Chemistry.
Choice D:Mathematics.
Choice E:Nuclear Engineering.
Question 3: Since 2012 cancer has become the first cause of mortality in Cuba. Estimation of the need for Clinically Qualified Medical Physicists (CQMP) by 2017 is expected to increase by 50%. Currently, CQMP in Cuba received professional certification through:
Reference:MEDICAL PHYSICS INTERNATIONAL Journal, vol.3, No.1, 2015
Choice A:CAMPEP (Commission on the Accreditation of Medical Physics Education Programs)
Choice B:IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency).
Choice C:CNSN (The National Center of National Security).
Choice D:InSTEC (Higher Institute of Technologies and Applied Sciences).
Choice E:Currently no professional certification exist.
Question 4: In the United States, the definition of diversity in higher education has historically focused primarily on race and ethnicity. Diversity programs also target the following population(s)
Reference: Academic Medicine, Vol. 88, No. 1 / January 2013
Choice A:Low socioeconomic status
Choice B:Women.
Choice C:LGBT community.
Choice D:Religions groups.
Choice E:Individuals with disabilities.
Choice F:All the above.
Question 5: In 2008 cancer was responsible for 7.6 million deaths globally. In addition, currently 70% of those deaths are in Low Income and Middle Income Countries. The World Health Organization predicts that by 2030 this number will increase to over 13.1 million. Collaborations between cancer centers in high income countries with those in middle to low income countries is an “appropriate and feasible” step for cancer control in the developing world. Most patients are treated for......
Reference:http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs297/en/index.html. Cancer Prevention and Control. World Health Organization. January, 2013. Stephen Avery, Ph.D., Owen Kenton, M.S., Jumaa bin Dachi, B.Sc, Jim Metz, M.D., Wilfred Ngwa, Ph.D.: Developing solutions to critical Radiation Oncology challenges in Tanzania. International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics 93(5), December 2015.
Choice A:Prostate, Lung and Bladder.
Choice B:Brain, Pancreas and Prostate.
Choice C:Cervix, Breast and Esophagus.
Choice D:Colon, Cervix and Bladder.
Choice E:All sites treated equally.
Question 6: Underrepresented and non-underrepresented groups can take a proactive role in promoting diversity by:
Reference:Underrepresentation of Underrepresented Minorities in Academic Medicine: The Need to Enhance the Pipeline and the Pipe. Gastroenterology, Vol. 138, Issue 1, p19–26.e3
Choice A:Seeking/becoming mentors and role models.
Choice B:Networking with people in their discipline.
Choice C:Participating in diversity promoting programs.
Choice D:Staying resilient by identifying goals and priorities.
Choice E:All the above
Question 7: AIP and its Member Societies are committed to promoting increased diversity and inclusion in the physical sciences through which of the following initiatives:
Choice A:Scholarships and awards
Choice B:Services and programs
Choice C:Lotteries and giveaways
Choice D:Statistics and reports
Question 8: Looking at the percentage of medical physicists by gender and race/ethnicity. What is total percentage of women and underrepresented groups (African American/Latino) employed as medical physicist?
Reference:Center for Health Workforce Studies (CHWS), Survey of Medical Physicists, 2009, Demographics Question 2. Center for Health Workforce Studies (CHWS), Survey of Medical Physicists, 2009, Entry Question 1, Demographics Questions 4 and 5.
Choice A:22.3 and 5.8%.
Choice B:15.5 and 10.2%.
Choice C:45.1 and 22.3%.
Choice D:9.8 and 4.7%.
Question 9: What percentage of NIH Principal Investigators, from underrepresented groups, are on research program grants:
Reference:National Institutes of Health, Draft Report of the Advisory Committee to the Director Working Group on Diversity in the Biomedical Research Workforce, June 13, 2012
Choice A:<1%
Choice B:3 – 5%
Choice C:10 – 12%
Choice D:19 – 21%
Choice E:28 – 30%
Question 10: Main challenge(s) for medical physics in Latin America and Africa is (are):
Reference:IAEA Support to Medical Physics in Africa and Latin America: achievements & challenges. 57th AAPM Annual Meeting
Choice A:Lack of professional recognition by health authorities and hospital managers, especially in imaging.
Choice B:Lack of understanding of the role and responsibilities of medical physicists in clinical environments.
Choice C:Lack of a medical physics education program, especially one with structure and supervised clinical programs.
Choice D:All the above.
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