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Development of a Real-Time Optical Tracking Goggle System (OTGS) for Intracranial Stereotactic Radiotherapy

K Mittauer

K Mittauer*, G Yan , B Lu , B Barraclough , J Li , C Liu , University of Florida, Gainesville, FL


WE-G-BRD-3 Wednesday 4:30PM - 6:00PM Room: Ballroom D

Purpose: Optical tracking systems (OTS) are an acceptable alternative to frame-based stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT). However, current surface-based OTS lack the ability to target exclusively rigid/bony anatomical features. We propose a novel marker-based optical tracking goggle system (OTGS) that provides real-time guidance based on the nose/facial bony anatomy. This ongoing study involves the development and characterization of the OTGS for clinical implementation in intracranial stereotactic radiotherapy.

Methods: The OTGS consists of eye goggles, a custom thermoplastic nosepiece, and 6 infrared markers pre-attached to the goggles. A phantom and four healthy volunteers were used to evaluate the calibration/registration accuracy, intrafraction accuracy, interfraction reproducibility, and end-to-end accuracy of the OTGS. The performance of the OTGS was compared with that of the frameless SonArray system and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) for volunteer and phantom cases, respectively. The performance of the OTGS with commercial immobilization devices and under treatment conditions (i.e., couch rotation and translation range) was also evaluated.

Results: The difference in the calibration/registration accuracy of 24 translations or rotation combinations between CBCT and in-house OTS software was within 0.5 mm/0.4°. The mean intrafraction and interfraction accuracy among the volunteers was 0.004+/-0.4mm with -0.09+/-0.5° (n=6,170) and -0.26+/-0.8mm with 0.15+/0.8° (n=11), respectively. The difference in end-to-end accuracy between the OTGS and CBCT was within 1.3 mm/1.1°. The predetermined marker pattern (1) minimized marker occlusions, (2) allowed for continuous tracking for couch angles +/- 90°, (3) and eliminated individual marker misplacement. The device was feasible with open and half masks for immobilization.

Conclusion: Bony anatomical localization eliminated potential errors due to facial hair changes and/or soft tissue deformation. The OTGS offers a workflow-friendly, patient-friendly solution for intracranial SRT, while being comparable to other real-time options. The minimum rotation uncertainty of the OTGS can be combined with CBCT to ensure maximum accuracy for high-precision SRT.

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