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Validation of a 6D-Robotic-Couch and Image Guidance Radiation Therapy (IGRT) System for Localization in World's First Single-Room Proton Therapy System

L Rankine

L Rankine1*, K Grantham2 , S Goddu3 , R Cessac4 , K Baker5 , E Klein6 , L Santanam7 , (1) Washington University , Saint Louis, MO, (2) University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, (3) Washington University, St. Louis, MO, (4) Mevion Medical Systems, Littleton, MA, (5) Barne-Jewish Hospital, St. Louis, MO, (6) Washington University, Saint Louis, MO, (7) Washington University School of Medicine, St.louis, MO


SU-E-J-244 Sunday 3:00PM - 6:00PM Room: Exhibit Hall

Purpose: The Mevion S250 proton therapy unit is equipped with a 6D-robotic couch and IGRT system (Verity). The patient alignment process allows corrections in six degrees of freedom: translation {x,y,z}, pitch, roll, and yaw {θ,φ,ψ}. Geometric accuracy of couch corrections and imaging vs. radiation isocenter coincidence were quantified before clinical implementation.

Methods: A commercial phantom with sixteen 2mm tungsten BBs was rigidly couch-mounted and imaged with CT. Seventeen rigid translations/rotations of known magnitude were digitally applied to the original CT image using commercial software, validated with Varian OBI system. For each altered image, phantom was mounted on robotic couch in original position, then Verity 2D:2D match (PA-LLAT) was performed using DRRs from altered images. Corrections were recorded and applied, phantom was imaged a second time and residual corrections recorded. Physical measurements verified that applied couch corrections coincided with both physical couch shifts/rotations and known CT image translations/rotations. Additionally, image vs. radiation isocenter coicidence was quantified over couch treatment angles (±90° from setup position) using radiochromic film and an image-guided couch star-shot. Posterior-anterior and left-lateral kV radiographs were taken before each beam was delivered to verify imaging/radiation isocentricity.

Results: Verity suggested couch corrections and known CT shifts/rotations agreed within ±1mm (average: Δlat=0.5mm; Δvert=0.4mm; Δlong=0.3mm) and ±0.4° (average: Δpitch=0.24°; Δroll=0.01°; Δyaw=0.10°). Physical couch measurements and Verity applied corrections agreed within ±1mm (average: Δlat=0.5mm; Δvert=0.4mm; Δlong=0.2mm) and ±0.2° (average: Δpitch=0.03°; Δroll=0.04°; Δyaw=0.04°). The directionality of all translations and rotations were qualitatively verified. The image vs. radiation isocenter coincidence was <1mm and radiation-isocenter precision was <1mm over the 180° of couch motion, as indicated by film analysis.

Conclusion: The Verity IGRT software and 6D-couch combination on the Mevion S250 was verified as accurate within 1mm and 0.5°. This complies with the TG-142 standards for a stereotactic radiotherapy IGRT system.

Funding Support, Disclosures, and Conflict of Interest: Rob Cessac is employed as Product Manager for Mevion Medical Systems.

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